How to invest in S&P 500 | A Powerful Guide for Beginners

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Before getting into how to invest in S&P 500, let us understand what is S&P 500.

The S&P 500 is the most important and largest measure of the United States economy. Investing in the S&P 500 is the only true and tested way to make money in the stock market. We will guide you in this article to start.

You are reading this post, which means you made a decision to invest in the stock market, and this is a big decision. This can be your biggest step on your financial journey.

How to invest in S&P 500

What is the S&P 500? 

The S&P 500 is an index or measure of the performance of a current collection of stocks. Most well-known indexes are based on the Dow Jones Industrial Average, Standard & Poor’s 500, and the Nasdaq 100.

Investors always want to know how the various leading stock indexes in the U.S. differ from one another.

All three of these given indexes are part of one interconnected financial system. These three indexes have different views of the overall U.S. economy.

Before getting into how to invest in S&P 500, look at this quick review of how they operate:

1. The Dow Jones Industrial Average

The Dow Jones industrial average was launched in 1896, and it is the oldest stock market index in the U.S.

The Dow large-cap stocks are determined by the Wall Street Journal. Large-cap stocks are shares of large publicly-traded organizations.

Dow Jones ranks companies according to their share price, and the final market value is established by the divisor. That’s how they create the Dow rankings.

2. S&P 500

The S&P 500 was launched in 1962, and it is the second largest U.S. stock index.

The scope of the index is a factory, which separates it from Dow Jones and Nasdaq. This is known as the biggest measure of the U.S. economy. 500 large public-traded companies are included in the S&P 500.

3. Nasdaq

The Nasdaq 100 was launched in 1985, and it is the newest of these three biggest stock indexes. Top non-financial companies are tracked by the Nasdaq exchange.

Nasdaq is also known as the “technology index” because it mostly gives priority to technology companies.

Their rankings are based on the total dollar market value, or market capitalization, of a company’s growing shares of stock.

What determines the S&P 500?

There are a small number of companies that are eligible to be listed on the S&P 500.

Specific criteria must be met in order to be added to the S&P 500. 

The company’s market cap should be $8.2 billion or above.

A company’s most recent quarter’s reported earnings must have been positive. A business must demonstrate long-term growth over the last four quarters.

The S&P 500 can only include U.S. companies.

The market for the company’s stock must be active.

The company should have at least 50% fabulous shares in their public float.

The top 10 companies by index weight are given below:

• Apple (AAPL), 7.49%

• Microsoft (MSFT), 6.95%

• Amazon (AMZN), 3.08%

• NVIDIA (NVDA), 2.69%

• Alphabet Class A (GOOGL), 2.07%

• Alphabet Class C (GOOG), 1.81%

• Meta Platforms Class A (META), 1.69%

• Berkshire Hathaway (BRK.B), 1.65%

• Tesla (TSLA), 1.60%

• UnitedHealth Group (UNH), 1.30%

• Exxon Mobil (XOM), 1.22%

How to invest in S&P 500? 

Warren Buffett once said, “A low-cost S&P 500 index fund will achieve this goal.”

Instead of trying to pick winners, non-professionals can focus on acquiring a variety of companies that will succeed overall. Warren Buffett once said, “A low-cost S&P 500 index fund will achieve this goal.”

You can choose to invest in the S&P 500 to access the overall U.S. stock market and economy. This is a good, tried-and-true way to make money in the stock market.

You can’t invest directly in the S&P market itself because an index is simply a measurement tool. You have to buy one of the various index funds that specifically track the S&P 500 or purchase shares in every company individually.

Follow these 4 steps to start the process:

1. Open a brokerage account

Investors can open a brokerage account online using services like Schwab and E*Trade and buy the S&P 500. Many brokers offer different types of investing and investing tools to help investors.

2. Choose between mutual funds and EFTs

Mutual funds and EFTs both track the S&P 500 and behave similarly. But there are a few points that can help you decide whether to choose mutual funds or EFTs.


EFTs can track the S&P automatically and be traded like any other stock. The price changes constantly throughout the day as investors buy and sell. With any early withdrawal penalties, you can hold these as long as you want.

Mutual funds

Mutual funds are traded after the market closes and only once per day. Mutual funds are intended to be owned for a long period of time. Like EFT, they can be passively managed, and they are often actively managed by a professional. Mutual funds come with higher fees but also have a higher chance of outperforming the market.

If you are looking to invest in the S&P 500, EFTs are a good way to go. But you should decide what is best for you based on your investment goals.

3. Pick your fund

Once you decide what to choose, you have to pick one of the funds based on the specific index. You should research what is offered by your broker.

Top S&P funds are given below:

1. SPDR S&P 500 ETF (NYSEARCA: $Spy)

This investment exposes you to the entire market and S&P easily, and that’s why it is one of the most popular investment products to buy. It’s a cost-effective way to profit from companies like Amazon, Apple, Alphabet, and many more.

This is known as the most liquid S&P 500 fund. This fund comes with lower trading costs and a lot of volume. This is why it is very easy to trade.

2. Fidelity 500 Index Fund ($FXAIX)

FXAIX had total assets of about $252 billion across 508 different holdings. It returned 15.14% last year and 13.73% annualized over the last 10 years.

3. Vanguard S&P 500 ETF ($VOO)

Vanguard ETFs have high potential for growth and are suitable for long-term investing. This has a low expense ratio of 0.03% and a large blend of stocks. But always keep an eye on expenses and fees.

4. Schwab S&P 500 Index Fund ($SWPPX)

Schwab was launched in 1997, and this fund generated nearly $34.41 billion in assets. Schwab has a five-year annualized total of 10.86%.

4. Enter your trade

The final step to investing in the S&P 500 using your broker’s platform is to actively enter your trade. Within a few clicks, you are an index fund owner.

Understand your investment risk, focus on long-term investing, and then sit back and let your money work for you.


As you can see, investing in S&P offers potential upside for investors. With a few great fund indexes and EFT, they offer long-term growth with low fees.

Remember that S&P isn’t the only index to invest in. The Dow or Nasdaq exchanges also allow investors to buy funds. You can protect yourself against risk by adding other diversification to your portfolio.

So explore other investment options. Use S&P as a way to build a robust portfolio that will grow over time.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) 

How do I start investing in S&P?

S&P’s full form is Standard & Poor’s 500. It tracks the performance of 500 of the most publicly traded stocks in the U.S. It’s the best place to start investing because it includes most of the biggest companies in the United States.

Follow these steps to start investing in S&P:

1. Open a brokerage account

2. Choose between mutual funds or EFTs

3. Pick which fund fits best for you

4. Enter your trade

5. You’re an index fund owner!

Is it OK to just invest in S&P 500? 

Yes, it’s OK to invest in S&P 500. If you have a short-to- medium-term horizon, I don’t think now is a good time to invest heavily in the S&P 500. However, over a longer-term horizon, S&P is a good investment opportunity.

A simple way to invest in the S&P 500 is to buy a set dollar amount each week or month. You should hold it for the long-term. When prices are high, you can afford less, but when prices are low, you can afford more of the asset.

What is S&P 500 for beginners? 

The S&P 500 is an indicator of the stock market that measures the performance of 500 United States companies. It includes companies from 11 different sectors in order to provide a picture of the state of the American stock market, and the larger economy.

What would $100 invested in S&P 500? 

If you put $100 in a savings account, you will earn a very low interest rate. Now imagine a 30-year-old investor invests $100 in a portfolio, and his investment earns 8% per year. With compound returns and a small monthly contribution, your portfolio will grow from $186,253.14 to $50,313. It may not be enough for retirement, but this is just $100 a month.

What is the minimum to buy S&P 500? 

There is no minimum investment for any account type, making SWPPX the best option for beginner investors looking to access large-cap assets without the stress of picking individual stocks.

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